What does NPCA do?

There is a sizable understanding gap between what the NPCA is responsible for, and what the public thinks the NPCA is responsible for. Our goal is to provide clarity and educate the public about NPCA's responsibilities.

The Niagara Peninsula Conservation Authority (NPCA) was established on April 30, 1959, under the Conservation Authorities Act, and serves approximately half a million people in the Niagara Peninsula watershed. The Niagara Peninsula watershed encompasses the entire Niagara region, and portions of the City of Hamilton and Haldimand County. The NPCA manages the impact of human activities, urban growth, and rural activities on the watershed.

With its unique resources, the Niagara Peninsula has one of the most complex watersheds in the Province. It includes lands drained by the Niagara River, Twenty Mile Creek, the Welland River, the Welland Canal, Lake Erie, and Lake Ontario.

NPCA programs focus on initiatives that help keep people and their property safe from flooding and erosion while retaining the safety of our drinking water.

The NPCA’s ongoing commitment to land stewardship is reflected in the management of over 2, 870 hectares of some of the most unique natural areas in Niagara. Each of the NPCA's 41 Conservation Areas offer diverse recreational and educational opportunities, and a place to experience nature.

The Niagara Peninsula Conservation Authority is a registered charitable organization.

Conservation Authorities Mandate

The NPCA's mandate is largely misunderstood. Our goal is to provide clarity and educate the public about NPCA's responsibilities.

Conservation Authorities are legislated under the Conservation Authorities Act, 1946. They began to be established in the 1940s when Ontario was experiencing a lot of flooding and erosion problems as a result of earlier years of environmental mismanagement. As per Conservation Ontario, Conservation Authorities are mandated to further the conservation, restoration, and responsible management of Ontario's water, land and natural habitats through programs that balance human, environmental, and economic needs.

The NPCA fulfills its mandate by implementing programs that:

  • Improve the quality of lands and waters
  • Protect life and property from natural hazards such as flooding and erosion
  • Acquire and enhance conservation and hazard lands
  • Contribute to a greater quality of life in the watershed by using its lands for recreation, conservation, and education
The NPCA is not an environmental protection agency or an advocacy group.